Make a New Garden Bed: No Digging Required!

Fall is when I add new beds to my garden, or expand my existing beds. If we’re planning a new raised vegetable bed, we usually build the frames in fall, fill them with leaves and fruit/veggie scraps, and let them sit over the winter, then fill them up the rest of the way with good quality soil and composted manure in the spring.

But if I’m planning to add a regular (non-raised) bed, my method is even easier. Here it is:

1. Figure out the size/shape of your new bed. You can measure it out with stakes and string, use a hose to get the shape perfect, or just eyeball it (this is usually what I do.)
2. Grab several sections of newspaper, or a few flatted corrugated cardboard boxes.
3. Lay the newspaper (a section or at least 4 to 5 pages thick) or the cardboard down where you want your bed to be. Overlap the sections of newspaper or cardboard by a few inches.
4. Yes. Just lay them right on the grass. Really.
5. Go rake some leaves and/or mow the lawn. Dump leaves or grass (or both!) right on top of the newspaper.
6. If you want to neaten it up and avoid having leaves blow all over the place, get some shredded bark mulch and put a good layer of that over the top of the leaves/grass.
7. Done.

OK, you’re not really done. Now you sit inside your house, comfy and cozy all winter. And while you’re doing that, the grass under your pile ‘o newspaper and leaves dies. And the leaves start breaking down into leaf mold, which the worms will start tunneling up through your newspaper to devour. And then they’ll tunnel back into your soil and poop. And then you end up with really great soil, and, in the spring, you can plant in this beautiful, crumbly soil that you didn’t even work up a sweat to create.

Lazy is good!

Gardening Tip: Using Eggshells in Your Garden

Every Sunday, I make a great big breakfast that results in the entire family being pleasantly stuffed and ready to take on a full day of gardening and (in fall) football-watching. Because we have a big family, we go through a dozen eggs every Sunday. Happily, there are several great ways to put all of those eggshells to use in the garden.

How to Use Eggshells in the Garden

1. Compost them. Rinse them out (or not. I rarely bother with rinsing mine), crush them up, and toss them in your compost bin.

2. Add to planting holes. Crops that are prone to blossom end rot, such as tomatoes and eggplants, appreciate a little extra calcium in the soil. Simply crush and sprinkle a few eggshells into each hole at planting time.

3. Deter slugs and snails. This tip is hit-or-miss for some people, but it’s worth a try if your lettuce or hostas have become a snack bar for these slimy buggers. Crush up a few eggshells and sprinkle them on the surface of the soil around any plants you’re trying to protect. The sharp edges will (hopefully) irritate the underside of the slugs or snails when they try to slide over them, and they’ll stay away.

4. Seed starting pots. If you are careful about cracking your eggs, and only crack up the top part, you can save the bottom, intact part of the eggshell and use it as a pot for planting seeds. Simply fill it with seed starting mix, plant your seeds, and watch them grow (you may want to try to poke a hole or two in the bottom of your shell to ensure adequate drainage). Best of all, once it’s time to plant, simply plant the whole thing, egg shell and all.

I hope these tips have you looking at eggshells in a new way — they are so useful in the garden!

All through October, I’ll be sharing some of my favorite gardening tips. To check out other “31 Days of…” bloggers, check out this post.

Garden Tip: Direct Sow Perennial Seeds in Fall

 

Most of us are familiar with the idea of direct sowing annuals such as marigolds and sunflowers. But did you know that you can also direct sow perennials in your garden?

The best time to direct sow perennial seeds in your garden is in fall. Many of these seeds need a period of cold weather followed by warm before they’ll germinate (this is called “cold stratification.”) Here in Michigan, planting your perennial seeds in your garden now (October is a great time to direct sow perennials) will result in lots of new little perennial seedlings popping up next spring!

To direct sow your perennial seeds, simply follow the instructions for seed spacing and depth on your seed packet. Try to mark where you planted them in the garden, so you don’t mistake your baby perennials as weeds next spring.

Some great options for fall direct sowing include:
Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)
Black eyed Susan (Rudbeckia)
Milkweed (Asclepias)
Columbine (Aquilegia)
Bee balm (Monarda)
Coreopsis
Foxglove (Digitalis)
Globe Thistle (Echinops)
Hollyhock
Poppies
Pinks (Dianthus)
Shasta daisy
Yarrow

All through October, I’ll be sharing some of my favorite gardening tips. To check out other “31 Days of…” bloggers, check out this post.

Garden Tip: Hoard Your Autumn Leaves!

I have a slight obsession (that’s like being “a little bit pregnant,” isn’t it?) with autumn leaves. They’re beautiful, of course. Fall is my favorite season, in large part due to the fact that looking out my window and seeing the trees ablaze in orange, yellow, and red just makes me happy.

 

But even more, fall leaves are just so darn useful. And FREE. I watch my neighbors rake their leaves into the street for pickup, and I just can’t understand why you would throw away something so useful. Here are a few things I do with autumn leaves:

1. Use them for mulch.
2. Make a lasagna garden.
3. Make leaf mold.
4. Fill a new raised bed with them. In spring, simply fill the bed the rest of the way with soil and composted manure, and mix well — this gives you absolutely beautiful soil. You can also add them to an existing garden bed and mix or till them in to improve your soil.
5. Keep some on hand to add as “browns” to your compost pile.

In general, it’s best to chop your leaves if you can. We have a leaf vac that shreds them as it sucks the leaves up, and it’s super convenient. Before we had the leaf vac, we’d rake the leaves into piles and run over the piles a few times with a lawnmower. I’ve also heard people say that they add the leaves to a garbage can, then use their weed whacker like a giant immersion blender to chop them up right in the can. Use whatever method works for you!

To save leaves to add to your compost pile throughout the year, simply store your chopped leaves in a clean garbage can, plastic storage bin, or sealed garbage bag. Then it’s easy to grab a handful or two whenever you need to add leaves to your compost bin.

Fall leaves are a great, FREE way to improve your soil. Start hoarding them!

All through October, I’ll be sharing some of my favorite gardening tips. To check out other “31 Days of…” bloggers, check out this post.